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Books of Martian Fiction
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Gulliver's Travels
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)

In the book, astronomers on the fictional island of Laputa are said to have discovered two satellites around Mars with the inner satellite orbiting Mars in less than a day. In fact, the two Martian satellites were not discovered until 1877 by the American astronomer Asaph Hall. Was the assumption of two satellites just a lucky guess on Swift's part?

The War of the Worlds
Herbert G. Wells (serialized: 1897; book: 1898)

The War of the Worlds is the story of the invasion of Earth by technologically-advanced Martians. The Martians land in southern England and attack London with their ``Heat Rays'' and poisonous Black Smoke. Defeat appears imminent, when the Martians suddenly succumb to a fatal infection by terrestrial germs.

Martian Tales
Edgar Rice Burroughs

Edgar Rice Burroughs, the creator of "Tarzan of the Apes", also wrote this series of eleven Mars novels. They describe the adventures of a nineteenth century Confederate Civil War veteran named John Carter who is transported to Mars, where he must adapt to Martian life.

The Martian Chronicles
Ray Bradbury (1951)

In Bradbury's hailed classic, humans are the alien invaders on Mars and the Martians are are killed by terrestrial bacteria. This book raises important questions about first contact with alien civilizations.

Stranger in a Strange Land
Robert Heinlein (1961)

Valentine Michael Smith, born on Mars, is the sole survivor of the first manned mission to the planet. Subsequently, he is raised and educated by Martians. When Smith comes as "the Man from Mars" to Earth as a young man, he has superhuman psychic powers.